FACTS ABOUT RUSSIA
Official Name: Russian Federation
Population: 146 million (2014)
Area: 17,101,670 km²(largest country of the world):Bigger than Pluto
Major language: Russian
Minor languages: English, Finnish, German, French.
Major religions: Christianity, Islam, Buddism, Judaism
Life expectancy: 59 years (men), 73 years (women)
Monetary unit: 1 rouble = 100 kopecks
Internet domain: ru, .su, .rf, .рф
International dialing code: +7
Borders: China, Japan, North Korea, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Finland and Norway.
Time Zone: Russia has 9 time zones
Russia has a wide range of natural resources and is one of the world’s largest producers of oil.
The world’s first satellite, named Sputnik, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957.
The Soviet Union (USSR) was a socialist state that occupied much of Northern Asia and Eastern Europe from 1922 until it was dissolved in 1991. Former Soviet states include Lithuania, Georgia, Latvia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and others.
The official residence of the Russian president is the Kremlin in Moscow. The name “Kremlin” means “fortress”.
Russia is one of 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council, along with the US, UK, China and France.
Russia has over 40 national parks and 100 wildlife reserves.
Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world. It reaches 1642 metres (5,387 feet) in depth and contains around 20% of the world’s unfrozen fresh water.
Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain in Russia (and Europe), it reaches a height of 5642 metres (18,510 feet).
Russia’s Volga River is the longest in Europe, with a length of around 3690 kilometres (2293 miles).
Russia has the world’s largest area of forests.
Russia produces a large amount of renewable energy thanks to its well developed hydropower stations.